Infertility Problems

Unfortunately infertility problems are currently on the rise in the United States.

Somewhere around ten percent of couples of the age to reproduce in the U.S. are having or will have serious problems getting pregnant. Approximately thirty percent of problems are due to the man, thirty percent with the woman, and the remaining forty percent are consist of a mix of issues with both the man and woman.

A good guideline to diagnose infertility problems is that if you’ve consistently been having sex without a condom or birth control for over a year (greater than 6 months if you’re 35 or older) and haven’t been successful conceiving it is a good idea to meet with your physician. Almost ninety percent of couples can successfully conceive with treatment. This article has summarized a few of the most common infertility problems, but is by no means a conclusive resource. Included are some of the possible treatments for each issue. Try to remember that each couple could experience drastically different rates of success. There are many factors unique to each situation that must be taken into account.

Male Infertility

Blockages

There exist a small number of men where a blockage inside of their ejaculatory duct preventing sperm from entering their semen. In the event that your vas deferens or epididymis tubes are experiencing difficulty, your sperm can be kept from entering the eggs of your partner. There are a variety of causes of blockage. They include, but aren’t necessarily limited to congenital defects (present at birth), injury, or a vasectomy.

• There are no tell-tale signs or symptoms
• Treatment options: most common an operation to remove the obstruction or negate vasectomy
• Successful treatment rate: Heavily dependent on the severity and operation used for repair. Approximately 50% to 90% report an increased sperm count present in semen post surgical operation. Somewhere around 20% to 60% achieve conception through intercourse or IVF (In Vitro Fertilization.)

Varicocele

When there is the presence of varicocele or larger than normal veins, much like varicose veins, located in the scrotum the median temperature of the testes can be increased, which will lower sperm production.

• The only way to discover varicocele is through a physical examination
• Treatment options: an operation to reduce varicocele size
• Successful treatment rate: Normally around 40% achieve conception in one year, and 70% are successful fertilizing in two years.

Female Infertility

Endometriosis

In female infertility problems, endometriosis is the most common. This problem is caused by the endometrial tissue, or the tissue of the uterine lining, proceeds to expand outside of the uterus, and into the abdominal-pelvic cavity.

• Tell-tale signs: Symptoms may vary by woman. In one group pain during menstrual periods and sexual intercourse along with general pelvic pain is present. Others have no symptoms.
• Possible treatment options: Most commonly prescribed are drugs to eliminate fertility problems. Artificial insemination and an operation to remove abnormal tissue are also options.
• Successful treatment rates: The usual success rate is somewhere in the middle of 8% to 17% in each cycle.